killall(1) -- Linux man page

 

NAME

killall - kill processes by name  

SYNOPSIS

killall [-c,--context] [-e,--exact] [-g,--process-group] [-i,--interactive] [-q,--quiet] [-s,--signal signal] [-v,--verbose] [-w,--wait] [-V,--version] [--] name ...
killall -l
killall -V,--version  

DESCRIPTION

killall sends a signal to all processes running any of the specified commands. If no signal name is specified, SIGTERM is sent.

Signals can be specified either by name (e.g. -HUP) or by number (e.g. -1).

If the command name contains a slash (/), processes executing that particular file will be selected for killing, independent of their name.

killall returns a zero return code if at least one process has been killed for each listed command. killall returns non-zero otherwise.

A killall process never kills itself (but may kill other killall processes).  

OPTIONS

-e, --exact
Require an exact match for very long names. If a command name is longer than 15 characters, the full name may be unavailable (i.e. it is swapped out). In this case, killall will kill everything that matches within the first 15 characters. With -e, such entries are skipped. killall prints a message for each skipped entry if -v is specified in addition to -e,
-g, --process-group
Kill the process group to which the process belongs. The kill signal is only sent once per group, even if multiple processes belonging to the same process group were found.
-i, --interactive
Interactively ask for confirmation before killing.
-l, --list
List all known signal names.
-q, --quiet
Do not complain if no processes were killed.
-v, --verbose
Report if the signal was successfully sent.
-V, --version
Display version information.
-w, --wait
Wait for all killed processes to die. killall checks once per second if any of the killed processes still exist and only returns if none are left. Note that killall may wait forever if the signal was ignored, had no effect, or if the process stays in zombie state.
-Z
(SELinux Only) Specify security context: kill only processes with given security context. Must precede other arguments on the command line.
 

FILES

/proc   location of the proc file system
 

KNOWN BUGS

Killing by file only works for executables that are kept open during execution, i.e. impure executables can't be killed this way.

Be warned that typing killall name may not have the desired effect on non-Linux systems, especially when done by a privileged user.

killall -w doesn't detect if a process disappears and is replaced by a new process with the same PID between scans.  

AUTHORS

Werner Almesberger <werner@almesberger.net> wrote the original version of psmisc. Since version 20 Craig Small <csmall@small.dropbear.id.au> can be blamed.  

SEE ALSO

kill(1),fuser(1),pgrep(1),pidof(1),pkill(1),ps(1),kill(2)