epoll_ctl(2) -- Linux man page

 

NAME

epoll_ctl - control interface for an epoll descriptor  

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/epoll.h>

int epoll_ctl(int epfd, int op, int fd, struct epoll_event *event)  

DESCRIPTION

Control an epoll descriptor, epfd, by requesting the operation op be performed on the target file descriptor, fd. The event describes the object linked to the file descriptor fd. The struct epoll_event is defined as :


        typedef union epoll_data {
                void *ptr;
                int fd;
                __uint32_t u32;
                __uint64_t u64;
        } epoll_data_t;

        struct epoll_event {
                __uint32_t events;      /* Epoll events */
                epoll_data_t data;      /* User data variable */
        };

The events member is a bit set composed using the following available event types :

EPOLLIN
The associated file is available for read(2) operations.
EPOLLOUT
The associated file is available for write(2) operations.
EPOLLPRI
There is urgent data available for read(2) operations.
EPOLLERR
Error condition happened on the associated file descriptor.
EPOLLHUP
Hang up happened on the associated file descriptor.
EPOLLET
Sets the Edge Triggered behaviour for the associated file descriptor. The default behaviour for epoll is Level Triggered. See epoll(4) for more detailed informations about Edge and Level Triggered event distribution architectures.
EPOLLONESHOT
Sets the One-Shot behaviour for the associated file descriptor. It means that after an event is pulled out with epoll_wait(2) the associated file descriptor is internally disabled and no other events will be reported by the epoll interface. The user must call epoll_ctl(2) with EPOLL_CTL_MOD to re-enable the file descriptor with a new event mask.

The epoll interface supports all file descriptors that support poll(2). Valid values for the op parameter are :

EPOLL_CTL_ADD
Add the target file descriptor fd to the epoll descriptor epfd and associate the event event with the internal file linked to fd.
EPOLL_CTL_MOD
Change the event event associated to the target file descriptor fd.
EPOLL_CTL_DEL
Remove the target file descriptor fd from the epoll file descriptor, epfd.
 

RETURN VALUE

When successful, epoll_ctl(2) returns zero. When an error occurs, epoll_ctl(2) returns -1 and errno is set appropriately.  

ERRORS

EBADF
The epfd file descriptor is not a valid file descriptor.
EPERM
The target file fd is not supported by epoll.
EINVAL
The supplied file descriptor, epfd, is not an epoll file descriptor, or the requested operation op is not supported by this interface.
ENOMEM
There was insufficient memory to handle the requested op control operation.
 

CONFORMING TO

epoll_ctl(2) is a new API introduced in Linux kernel 2.5.44. The interface should be finalized by Linux kernel 2.5.66.  

SEE ALSO

epoll_create(2), epoll_wait(2), epoll(4)