cap_init(3) -- Linux man page
NAMEcap_init, cap_free, cap_dup - capability data object storage management
int cap_free(void *obj_d);
cc ... -lcap
DESCRIPTIONThe capabilities associated with a file or process are never edited directly. Instead, working storage is allocated to contain a representation of the capability state. Capabilities are edited and manipulated only within this working storage area. Once editing of the capability state is complete, the updated capability state is used to replace the capability state associated with the file or process.
cap_init creates a capability state in working storage and return a pointer to the capability state. The initial value of all flags are cleared. The caller should free any releasable memory, when the capability state in working storage is no longer required, by calling cap_free with the cap_t as an argument.
cap_free liberates any releasable memory that has been allocated to the capability state identified by obj_d. The obj_d argument may identify either a cap_t entity, or a char * entity allocated by the cap_to_text function.
cap_dup returns a duplicate capability state in working storage given by the source object cap_p, allocating any memory necessary, and returning a pointer to the newly created capability state. Once duplicated, no operation on either capability state affects the other in any way.
RETURN VALUEcap_init and cap_dup return a non-NULL value on success, and NULL on failure.
cap_free returns zero on success, and -1 on failure.
On failure, errno(3) is set to EINVAL, or ENOMEM.
CONFORMING TOThese functions are specified by POSIX.1e.
SEE ALSOcap_clear(3), cap_copy_ext(3), cap_from_text(3), cap_get_file(3), cap_get_proc(3)