getprotoent(3) -- Linux man page

 

NAME

getprotoent, getprotobyname, getprotobynumber, setprotoent, endprotoent - get protocol entry  

SYNOPSIS

#include <netdb.h>

struct protoent *getprotoent(void);

struct protoent *getprotobyname(const char *name);

struct protoent *getprotobynumber(int proto);

void setprotoent(int stayopen);

void endprotoent(void);
 

DESCRIPTION

The getprotoent() function reads the next line from the file /etc/protocols and returns a structure protoent containing the broken out fields from the line. The /etc/protocols file is opened if necessary.

The getprotobyname() function returns a protoent structure for the line from /etc/protocols that matches the protocol name name.

The getprotobynumber() function returns a protoent structure for the line that matches the protocol number number.

The setprotoent() function opens and rewinds the /etc/protocols file. If stayopen is true (1), then the file will not be closed between calls to getprotobyname() or getprotobynumber().

The endprotoent() function closes /etc/protocols.

The protoent structure is defined in <netdb.h> as follows:


struct protoent {
        char    *p_name;        /* official protocol name */
        char    **p_aliases;    /* alias list */
        int     p_proto;        /* protocol number */
}

The members of the protoent structure are:

p_name
The official name of the protocol.
p_aliases
A zero terminated list of alternative names for the protocol.
p_proto
The protocol number.
 

RETURN VALUE

The getprotoent(), getprotobyname() and getprotobynumber() functions return the protoent structure, or a NULL pointer if an error occurs or the end of the file is reached.  

FILES

/etc/protocols
protocol database file
 

CONFORMING TO

BSD 4.3  

SEE ALSO

getservent(3), getnetent(3), protocols(5)