login(3) -- Linux man page
NAMElogin, logout - write utmp and wtmp entries
DESCRIPTIONThe utmp file records who is currently using the system. The wtmp file records all logins and logouts. See utmp(5).
The function login() takes the supplied struct utmp ut, and writes it to both utmp and wtmp file.
GNU DETAILSMore precisely, login() takes the argument ut struct, fills the field ut->ut_type (if there is such a field) with the value USER_PROCESS, and fills the field ut->ut_pid (if there is such a field) with the process ID of the calling process. Then it tries to fill the field ut->ut_line. It takes the first of stdin, stdout, stderr that is a tty, and stores the corresponding pathname minus a possible leading /dev/ into this field, and then writes the struct to the utmp file. On the other hand, if no tty name was found, this field is filled with "???" and the struct is not written to the utmp file. After this, the struct is written to the wtmp file.
The logout() function searches the utmp file for an entry matching the ut_line argument. If a record is found, it is updated by zeroing out the ut_name and ut_host fields, updating the ut_tv timestamp field and setting ut_type (if there is such a field) to DEAD_PROCESS.
RETURN VALUESThe logout() function returns 1 if the entry was successfully written to the database, or 0 if an error occurred.
NOTEThese functions are included in libutil, hence you'll need to add -lutil to your compiler commandline.
- user accounting database, configured through _PATH_UTMP in <paths.h>
- user accounting log file, configured through _PATH_WTMP in <paths.h>
SEE ALSOutmp(5), getutent(3)