netrc(5) -- Linux man page
NAMEnetrc, .netrc - user configuration for ftp
DESCRIPTIONThis file contains configuration and autologin information for the File Transfer Protocol client ftp(1).
The .netrc file contains login and initialization information used by the auto-login process. It resides in the user's home directory. The following tokens are recognized; they may be separated by spaces, tabs, or new-lines:
- machine name
- Identify a remote machine name The auto-login process searches the .netrc file for a machine token that matches the remote machine specified on the ftp command line or as an open command argument. Once a match is made, the subsequent .netrc tokens are processed, stopping when the end of file is reached or another machine or a default token is encountered.
This is the same as
matches any name.
There can be only one
token, and it must be after all
This is normally used as:
default login anonymous password user@site
thereby giving the user automatic anonymous ftp login to machines not specified in .netrc This can be overridden by using the -n flag to disable auto-login.
- login name
- Identify a user on the remote machine. If this token is present, the auto-login process will initiate a login using the specified name
- password string
- Supply a password. If this token is present, the auto-login process will supply the specified string if the remote server requires a password as part of the login process. Note that if this token is present in the .netrc file for any user other than anonymous ftp will abort the auto-login process if the .netrc is readable by anyone besides the user.
- account string
- Supply an additional account password. If this token is present, the auto-login process will supply the specified string if the remote server requires an additional account password, or the auto-login process will initiate an ACCT command if it does not.
- macdef name
- Define a macro. This token functions like the ftp macdef command functions. A macro is defined with the specified name; its contents begin with the next .netrc line and continue until a null line (consecutive new-line characters) is encountered. If a macro named init is defined, it is automatically executed as the last step in the auto-login process.
SEE ALSOftp(1), ftpd(8)