net(8) -- Linux man page

 

NAME

net - Tool for administration of Samba and remote CIFS servers.  

SYNOPSIS

net {<ads|rap|rpc>} [-h] [-w workgroup] [-W myworkgroup] [-U user] [-I ip-address] [-p port] [-n myname] [-s conffile] [-S server] [-l] [-P] [-D debuglevel]

 

DESCRIPTION

This tool is part of the samba(7) suite.

The samba net utility is meant to work just like the net utility available for windows and DOS. The first argument should be used to specify the protocol to use when executing a certain command. ADS is used for ActiveDirectory, RAP is using for old (Win9x/NT3) clients and RPC can be used for NT4 and Windows 2000. If this argument is omitted, net will try to determine it automatically. Not all commands are available on all protocols.

 

OPTIONS

-h|--help
Print a summary of command line options.

-w target-workgroup
Sets target workgroup or domain. You have to specify either this option or the IP address or the name of a server.

-W workgroup
Sets client workgroup or domain

-U user
User name to use

-I ip-address
IP address of target server to use. You have to specify either this option or a target workgroup or a target server.

-p port
Port on the target server to connect to (usually 139 or 445). Defaults to trying 445 first, then 139.

-n <primary NetBIOS name>
This option allows you to override the NetBIOS name that Samba uses for itself. This is identical to setting the netbios name parameter in the smb.conf file. However, a command line setting will take precedence over settings in smb.conf.

-s <configuration file>
The file specified contains the configuration details required by the server. The information in this file includes server-specific information such as what printcap file to use, as well as descriptions of all the services that the server is to provide. See smb.conf for more information. The default configuration file name is determined at compile time.

-S server
Name of target server. You should specify either this option or a target workgroup or a target IP address.

-l
When listing data, give more information on each item.

-P
Make queries to the external server using the machine account of the local server.

-d|--debug=debuglevel
debuglevel is an integer from 0 to 10. The default value if this parameter is not specified is zero.

The higher this value, the more detail will be logged to the log files about the activities of the server. At level 0, only critical errors and serious warnings will be logged. Level 1 is a reasonable level for day-to-day running - it generates a small amount of information about operations carried out.

Levels above 1 will generate considerable amounts of log data, and should only be used when investigating a problem. Levels above 3 are designed for use only by developers and generate HUGE amounts of log data, most of which is extremely cryptic.

Note that specifying this parameter here will override the log level parameter in the smb.conf file.

 

COMMANDS

 

CHANGESECRETPW

This command allows the Samba machine account password to be set from an external application to a machine account password that has already been stored in Active Directory. DO NOT USE this command unless you know exactly what you are doing. The use of this command requires that the force flag (-f) be used also. There will be NO command prompt. Whatever information is piped into stdin, either by typing at the command line or otherwise, will be stored as the literal machine password. Do NOT use this without care and attention as it will overwrite a legitimate machine password without warning. YOU HAVE BEEN WARNED.

 

TIME

The NET TIME command allows you to view the time on a remote server or synchronise the time on the local server with the time on the remote server.

 

TIME

Without any options, the NET TIME command displays the time on the remote server.

 

TIME SYSTEM

Displays the time on the remote server in a format ready for /bin/date

 

TIME SET

Tries to set the date and time of the local server to that on the remote server using /bin/date.

 

TIME ZONE

Displays the timezone in hours from GMT on the remote computer.

 

[RPC|ADS] JOIN [TYPE] [-U username[%password]] [options]

Join a domain. If the account already exists on the server, and [TYPE] is MEMBER, the machine will attempt to join automatically. (Assuming that the machine has been created in server manager) Otherwise, a password will be prompted for, and a new account may be created.

[TYPE] may be PDC, BDC or MEMBER to specify the type of server joining the domain.

 

[RPC] OLDJOIN [options]

Join a domain. Use the OLDJOIN option to join the domain using the old style of domain joining - you need to create a trust account in server manager first.

 

[RPC|ADS] USER

 

[RPC|ADS] USER

List all users

 

[RPC|ADS] USER DELETE target

Delete specified user

 

[RPC|ADS] USER INFO target

List the domain groups of a the specified user.

 

[RPC|ADS] USER ADD name [password] [-F user flags] [-C comment]

Add specified user.

 

[RPC|ADS] GROUP

 

[RPC|ADS] GROUP [misc options] [targets]

List user groups.

 

[RPC|ADS] GROUP DELETE name [misc. options]

Delete specified group.

 

[RPC|ADS] GROUP ADD name [-C comment]

Create specified group.

 

[RAP|RPC] SHARE

 

[RAP|RPC] SHARE [misc. options] [targets]

Enumerates all exported resources (network shares) on target server.

 

[RAP|RPC] SHARE ADD name=serverpath [-C comment] [-M maxusers] [targets]

Adds a share from a server (makes the export active). Maxusers specifies the number of users that can be connected to the share simultaneously.

 

SHARE DELETE sharenam

Delete specified share.

 

[RPC|RAP] FILE

 

[RPC|RAP] FILE

List all open files on remote server.

 

[RPC|RAP] FILE CLOSE fileid

Close file with specified fileid on remote server.

 

[RPC|RAP] FILE INFO fileid

Print information on specified fileid. Currently listed are: file-id, username, locks, path, permissions.

 

[RAP|RPC] FILE USER

 

Note

Currently NOT implemented.

 

SESSION

 

RAP SESSION

Without any other options, SESSION enumerates all active SMB/CIFS sessions on the target server.

 

RAP SESSION DELETE|CLOSE CLIENT_NAME

Close the specified sessions.

 

RAP SESSION INFO CLIENT_NAME

Give a list with all the open files in specified session.

 

RAP SERVER DOMAIN

List all servers in specified domain or workgroup. Defaults to local domain.

 

RAP DOMAIN

Lists all domains and workgroups visible on the current network.

 

RAP PRINTQ

 

RAP PRINTQ LIST QUEUE_NAME

Lists the specified print queue and print jobs on the server. If the QUEUE_NAME is omitted, all queues are listed.

 

RAP PRINTQ DELETE JOBID

Delete job with specified id.

 

RAP VALIDATE user [password]

Validate whether the specified user can log in to the remote server. If the password is not specified on the commandline, it will be prompted.

 

Note

Currently NOT implemented.

 

RAP GROUPMEMBER

 

RAP GROUPMEMBER LIST GROUP

List all members of the specified group.

 

RAP GROUPMEMBER DELETE GROUP USER

Delete member from group.

 

RAP GROUPMEMBER ADD GROUP USER

Add member to group.

 

RAP ADMIN command

Execute the specified command on the remote server. Only works with OS/2 servers.

 

Note

Currently NOT implemented.

 

RAP SERVICE

 

RAP SERVICE START NAME [arguments...]

Start the specified service on the remote server. Not implemented yet.

 

Note

Currently NOT implemented.

 

RAP SERVICE STOP

Stop the specified service on the remote server.

 

Note

Currently NOT implemented.

 

RAP PASSWORD USER OLDPASS NEWPASS

Change password of USER from OLDPASS to NEWPASS.

 

LOOKUP

 

LOOKUP HOST HOSTNAME [TYPE]

Lookup the IP address of the given host with the specified type (netbios suffix). The type defaults to 0x20 (workstation).

 

LOOKUP LDAP [DOMAIN

Give IP address of LDAP server of specified DOMAIN. Defaults to local domain.

 

LOOKUP KDC [REALM]

Give IP address of KDC for the specified REALM. Defaults to local realm.

 

LOOKUP DC [DOMAIN]

Give IP's of Domain Controllers for specified DOMAIN. Defaults to local domain.

 

LOOKUP MASTER DOMAIN

Give IP of master browser for specified DOMAIN or workgroup. Defaults to local domain.

 

CACHE

Samba uses a general caching interface called 'gencache'. It can be controlled using 'NET CACHE'.

All the timeout parameters support the suffixes: s - Secondsm - Minutesh - Hoursd - Daysw - Weeks

 

CACHE ADD key data time-out

Add specified key+data to the cache with the given timeout.

 

CACHE DEL key

Delete key from the cache.

 

CACHE SET key data time-out

Update data of existing cache entry.

 

CACHE SEARCH PATTERN

Search for the specified pattern in the cache data.

 

CACHE LIST

List all current items in the cache.

 

CACHE FLUSH

Remove all the current items from the cache.

 

GETLOCALSID [DOMAIN]

Print the SID of the specified domain, or if the parameter is omitted, the SID of the domain the local server is in.

 

SETLOCALSID S-1-5-21-x-y-z

Sets domain sid for the local server to the specified SID.

 

GROUPMAP

Manage the mappings between Windows group SIDs and UNIX groups. Parameters take the for "parameter=value". Common options include:

*
unixgroup - Name of the UNIX group
*
ntgroup - Name of the Windows NT group (must be resolvable to a SID
*
rid - Unsigned 32-bit integer
*
sid - Full SID in the form of "S-1-..."
*
type - Type of the group; either 'domain', 'local', or 'builtin'
*
comment - Freeform text description of the group

 

GROUPMAP ADD

Add a new group mapping entry

net groupmap add {rid=int|sid=string} unixgroup=string [type={domain|local}] [ntgroup=string] [comment=string]

 

GROUPMAP DELETE

Delete a group mapping entry. If more then one group name matches, the first entry found is deleted.

net groupmap delete {ntgroup=string|sid=SID}

 

GROUPMAP MODIFY

Update en existing group entry

net groupmap modify {ntgroup=string|sid=SID} [unixgroup=string] [comment=string] [type={domain|local}]

 

GROUPMAP LIST

List existing group mapping entries

net groupmap list [verbose] [ntgroup=string] [sid=SID]

 

MAXRID

Prints out the highest RID currently in use on the local server (by the active 'passdb backend').

 

RPC INFO

Print information about the domain of the remote server, such as domain name, domain sid and number of users and groups.

 

[RPC|ADS] TESTJOIN

Check whether participation in a domain is still valid.

 

[RPC|ADS] CHANGETRUSTPW

Force change of domain trust password.

 

RPC TRUSTDOM

 

RPC TRUSTDOM ADD DOMAIN

Add a interdomain trust account for DOMAIN to the remote server.

 

RPC TRUSTDOM DEL DOMAIM

Remove interdomain trust account for DOMAIN from the remote server.

 

Note

Currently NOT implemented.

 

RPC TRUSTDOM ESTABLISH DOMAIN

Establish a trust relationship to a trusting domain. Interdomain account must already be created on the remote PDC.

 

RPC TRUSTDOM REVOKE DOMAIN

Abandon relationship to trusted domain

 

RPC TRUSTDOM LIST

List all current interdomain trust relationships.

 

RPC ABORTSHUTDOWN

Abort the shutdown of a remote server.

 

SHUTDOWN [-t timeout] [-r] [-f] [-C message]

Shut down the remote server.

-r
Reboot after shutdown.

-f
Force shutting down all applications.

-t timeout
Timeout before system will be shut down. An interactive user of the system can use this time to cancel the shutdown.

-C message
Display the specified message on the screen to announce the shutdown.

 

SAMDUMP

Print out sam database of remote server. You need to run this on either a BDC.

 

VAMPIRE

Export users, aliases and groups from remote server to local server. Can only be run an a BDC.

 

GETSID

Fetch domain SID and store it in the local secrets.tdb.

 

ADS LEAVE

Make the remote host leave the domain it is part of.

 

ADS STATUS

Print out status of machine account of the local machine in ADS. Prints out quite some debug info. Aimed at developers, regular users should use NET ADS TESTJOIN.

 

ADS PRINTER

 

ADS PRINTER INFO [PRINTER] [SERVER]

Lookup info for PRINTER on SERVER. The printer name defaults to "*", the server name defaults to the local host.

 

ADS PRINTER PUBLISH PRINTER

Publish specified printer using ADS.

 

ADS PRINTER REMOVE PRINTER

Remove specified printer from ADS directory.

 

ADS SEARCH EXPRESSION ATTRIBUTES...

Perform a raw LDAP search on a ADS server and dump the results. The expression is a standard LDAP search expression, and the attributes are a list of LDAP fields to show in the results.

Example: net ads search '(objectCategory=group)' sAMAccountName

 

ADS DN DN (attributes)

Perform a raw LDAP search on a ADS server and dump the results. The DN standard LDAP DN, and the attributes are a list of LDAP fields to show in the result.

Example: net ads dn 'CN=administrator,CN=Users,DC=my,DC=domain' SAMAccountName

 

WORKGROUP

Print out workgroup name for specified kerberos realm.

 

HELP [COMMAND]

Gives usage information for the specified command.

 

VERSION

This man page is complete for version 3.0 of the Samba suite.

 

AUTHOR

The original Samba software and related utilities were created by Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.

The net manpage was written by Jelmer Vernooij.