scsi_id(8) -- Linux man page

 

NAME

scsi_id - retrieve and generate a unique SCSI identifier  

SYNOPSIS

scsi_id [options]  

DESCRIPTION

scsi_id queries a SCSI device via the SCSI INQUIRY vital product data (VPD) page 0x80 or 0x83 and uses the resulting data to generate a value that is unique across all SCSI devices that properly support page 0x80 or page 0x83.

If a result is generated it is sent to standard output, and the program exits with a zero value. If no identifier is output, the program exits with a non-zero value.

scsi_id is primarily for use by other utilities such as udev that require a unique SCSI identifier.

By default all devices are assume black listed, the -g option must be specified on the command line or in the config file for any useful behaviour.

SCSI commands are sent directly to the device via the SG_IO ioctl interface.

In order to generate unique values for either page 0x80 or page 0x83, the serial numbers or world wide names are prefixed as follows.

Identifiers based on page 0x80 are prefixed by the character 'S', the SCSI vendor, the SCSI product (model) and then the the serial number returned by page 0x80. For example:

# scsi_id -p 0x80 -s /block/sdg
SIBM     3542           1T05078453

Identifiers based on page 0x83 are prefixed by the identifier type followed by the page 0x83 identifier. For example, a device with a NAA (Name Address Authority) type of 3 (also in this case the page 0x83 identifier starts with the NAA value of 6):

# /sbin/scsi_id -p 0x83 -s /block/sdg
3600a0b80000b174b000000d63efc5c8c

 

OPTIONS

subsystem
When called with only a single argument without a leading -, runs in a hotplug mode, and expects the environment variable DEVPATH to specify the corresponding sysfs device. See section below on usage with udev.
-b
The default behaviour - treat the device as black listed, and do nothing unless a white listed device is found in the scsi_id config-file.
-d device
Instead of determining and creating a device node based on a sysfs dev entry as done for the -s, send SG_IO commands to device, such as /dev/sdc.
-f config-file
Read configuration and black/white list entries from config-file rather than the default /etc/scsi_id.config file.
-g
Treat the device as white listed. The -g option must be specified on the command line or in the scsi_id configuration file for scsi_id to generate any output.
-i
Prefix the identification string with the driver model (sysfs) bus id of the SCSI device.
-p 0x80 | 0x83 | pre-spc3-83
Use SCSI INQUIRY VPD page code 0x80, 0x83, or pre-spc3-83.

The default behaviour is to query the availabe VPD pages, and use page 0x83 if found, else page 0x80 if found, else nothing.

Page pre-spc3-83 should only be utilized for those scsi devices which are not compliant with the SPC-2 or SPC-3 format for page 83. While this option is used for older model 4, 5, and 6 EMC Symmetrix devices, its use with SPC-2 or SPC-3 compliant devices will fallback to the page 83 format supported by these devices.

-s sysfs-device
Generate an id for the sysfs-device. The sysfs mount point must not be included. For example, use /block/sd, not /sys/block/sd.
-u
Reformat the output : replace all whitespaces by underscores
-v
Generate verbose debugging output.
-V
Display version number and exit.

 

USAGE WITH UDEV

If scsi_id is invoked with one argument without a leading -, it assumes it is called for a hotplug event, and looks for the sysfs device in the DEVPATH environment variable.

This mode is used when run via the udev PROGRAM key. Passing any arguments or options as part of the PROGRAM rule breaks this assumption, and the results will likely not be as expected.

When in this mode, all errors and warnings are sent via syslog.

To determine the specific value needed in a RESULT key, use the -s option, for example:

/sbin/scsi_id -s /block/sda

An example udev rule using scsi_id, that will name a block device and any partitions for the device matching the scsi_id output of 312345:

BUS="scsi", PROGRAM="/sbin/scsi_id", RESULT="312345", NAME="disk%n"

 

FILES

/etc/scsi_id.config                  configuration and black/white list entries

 

SEE ALSO

udev(8),hotplug(8)  

AUTHORS

Developed by Patrick Mansfield <patmans@us.ibm.com> based on SCSI ID source included in earlier linux 2.5 kernels, sg_utils source, and SCSI specifications.