up2date(8) -- Linux man page

 

NAME

Update Agent - a program for updating packages on Red Hat Enterprise Linux  

SYNOPSIS

up2date [OPTION]... [PACKAGE NAME]...
up2date-nox [OPTION]... [PACKAGE NAME]...  

DESCRIPTION

Update Agent provides a complete system for updating the RPM packages installed on a Red Hat Enterprise Linux system. Both command line and graphical interfaces are included.

When you run Update Agent, you will be prompted for the computer's root password. This is because the Update Agent needs read/write access to the RPM database, and it needs to be able to install packages when so requested. It also needs read/write access to the up2date systemid file in /etc/sysconfig/rhn/systemid , and its configuration in /etc/sysconfig/rhn/up2date

Update Agent has a quite a few configuration options, including but not limited to: installing packages after they are downloaded; downloading source RPMs along with binary RPMs; whether or not to upgrade packages where the default configuration file(s) have been modified, and more. You can change these settings through a graphical interface by running up2date-config, or you can edit the configuration file /etc/sysconfig/rhn/up2date directly. A number of the command line arguments described below can also be used at runtime to override configuration options. There is also a text mode based configuration if invoked with with the --configure option.

If you supply package names on the command line, those particular packages will be updated or installed if there are new versions available. Only the package name is needed, do not supply any version or release information.

If the package is not currently installed, it will be downloaded and installed, along with any dependencies that package requires.

--configure
Configure Update Agent options. This will allow you to adjust things such as which files/packages to skip by default, where to store retrieved packages, and more.
--register
Register a system with Red Hat Network. This is mainly useful for re-registering a system, as up2date will automatically invoke this mode if the current system isn't registered.
-d, --download
Download packages only, do not install them. This option is equivalent to the configuration option "Do not install packages after retrieval." It is mutually exclusive with the --install option.
--nodownload
Do not download packages at all. This is for testing purposes.
-f, --force
Force package installation. This option is provided so that you can override the file, package and configuration skip lists.
-i, --install
Install packages after they are downloaded. This option is provided so that you can override the configuration option "Do not install packages after retrieval.". It is mutually exclusive with the the --download option.
-l, --list
Output a list of packages which have been updated and available for retrieval/installation.
--dry-run
Output a list of packages available for updates, and all the dependencies they need, including obsoletes.
--showall
Show a list of all packages available from the channels the system is currently subscribed to, including those not currently installed.
-k, --packagedir
Specify a colon separated path of directories to look for packages before attempting to download them.
--nosig
Do not use GPG to check package signatures (overrides configuration option).
--src
Download source RPMs as well as binary RPMs.
--nosrc
Do not download source package (overrides configuration option).
-p, --packages
Update the packages associated with this System Profile on Red Hat Network. Useful if you have installed, updated, or removed packages without Update Agent, and your package list has become unsynchronized with your remote Profile.
--hardware
up2date hardware profile associated with this System Profile on Red Hat Network.
--proxy
Specify an HTTP proxy to use
--proxyUser
Specify a username to use with an authenticated HTTP proxy
--proxyPassword
Specify a password to use with an authenticated HTTP proxy
--show-package-dialog
Show the package installation dialog in GUI mode
--get
Fetch the package specified without resolving dependencies
--get-source
Fetch the source package for the specified package without resolving dependencies
--upgrade-to-release
Upgrade to the channel specified
--whatprovides=<dependencies>
Queries the RHN servers to resolve the comma separated list of dependencies. It will return a list of packages that will satisfy these dependencies.
--solvedeps=<dependencies>
Queries the RHN servers to resolve the comma separated list of dependencies. Essentially the same as --whatprovides except it will also download and install the packages that are needed to resolve the dependencies.
--show-channels
Show the channels associated with a package where appropriate. If used alone, it shows the currently subscribed channels. If used with --showall or --whatprovides it will show channels as well as package names.
--show-groups
Show all the component groups that are installable via up2date.
--installall
Used in combo with --channel to install all the packages from a given channel.
--show-orphans
List all packages currently installed that are not present in channels the server is subscribed to.
--show-available
List all packages available in the channels the server is subscribed to, but are not currently installed.
--channel
Specify a specific channel. Used in combo with FB--installall.
--list-rollbacks
Shows all currently available RPM rollbacks.
--tmpdir=<directory>
allows you to override the configured package/temporary file storage directory. This can be useful if you are about to download a lot of packages but you do not have enough space to store them in the default location.
--serverUrl=<URL>
Specify what server URL to use.
--gpg-flags
Shows the flags that GPG will be invoked with (the keyring, the home directory, etc). Intended for usage in scripts that want to invoke GPG the same way up2date does.
-u, --update
Completely update the system. All relevant packages will be downloaded (and possibly installed, if you have configured Update Agent to do so).
--nox
do not even attempt to display the GUI.
--undo
If rpm transaction rollbacks are enabled, attempt to rollback the last rpm transaction. This feature may be deprecated in future releases.
--arch=<arch>
Force a particular arch of package to be installed, instead of letting up2date choose. -h, --help display help on command line arguments and exit.
-v, --verbose
print more information about what Update Agent is doing.
--justdb
only add packages to the database,do not install them to the filesystem. --dbpath Specify a path where an alternative RPM database to use is found.
--version
output version information and exit.
 

RETURN CODES

Update Agent returns 0 on success, 1 on error.  

FILES

/etc/sysconfig/rhn/up2date
Configuration settings for Update Agent.
/etc/sysconfig/rhn/sources
Configuration settings for external package repositories
/etc/sysconfig/rhn/systemid
Unique system identification certificate for Red Hat Network.
/etc/sysconfig/rhn/up2date-keyring.gpg
The default keyring used specifically for up2date, if used with versions of RPM that support it (rpm-4.0.4 or higher)
/var/spool/up2date
The spool directory where RPM/up2date stores package lists, package headers and packages.
/var/spool/repackage
The spool directory where RPM/up2date stores rollback RPMs.
/var/log/up2date
This is the log file for up2date.
/usr/share/rhn/RHNS-CA-CERT
The default SSL certificate authority public certificate used by up2date to validate the Red Hat Network SSL servers.
/usr/share/rhn/RPM-GPG-KEY
A copy of the Red Hat, Inc RPM package signing GPG public key. This is the GPG key that can be used to verify a package is signed by Red Hat, Inc.
 

EXAMPLES

The following example starts up the interactive GUI client.

up2date

The following example shows up2date being used in non-interactive batch mode.

up2date -u

This example shows up2date being used to discover which packages solve a set of dependencies manually on a Red Hat Linux 7.0 machine.

up2date --whatprovides "/bin/bash,gimp,libhistory.so.4.1"
bash-2.04-11
readline-4.1-5
gimp-1.1.25-1

This example shows how to start up the text based config tool.

up2date --nox --configure

This example shows how to use up2date to install a package with many dependencies that aren't currently installed.

up2date kdebase

This example shows how to install all the packages from the channel foobar-1.0-i386

up2date --installall --channel foobar-1.0-i386

This example shows how to list all the currently installed packages that are not part of channels the system is currently subscribed to.

up2date --show-orphans

 

SEE ALSO

Configuration is performed through up2date-config. The Update Agent is tightly coupled with Red Hat Network. Visit <http://rhn.redhat.com> for access or to sign up.  

AUTHORS

Written by Preston Brown <pbrown@redhat.com>, Cristian Gafton <gafton@redhat.com>,
and Adrian Likins <alikins@redhat.com>
 

REPORTING BUGS

Report bugs to <http://bugzilla.redhat.com>.  

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 1999-2002 Red Hat, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.